What is Mushroom?
Mushroom is an umbrella-shaped soft delicate fruit body of fleshy fungi grows on the substratum and survives without sunlight. This divine vegetable is highly nutritious, delicious with excellent flavor and texture as well as a balanced good food for us. It is also called vegetable meat, royal food, halal celestial vegetable and beef of farmers with admirable medicinal qualities which is extremely appropriate for vegetarians and Muslims. It has high economic and food value with unobjectionable amount of carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, fibers, calcium and even vitamins. The amount of protein in mushroom is double than that of other vegetables. For example, 100 grams of dried mushroom contains 26.9 percent protein while the same quantity of potato contains only 7.6 percent protein which is four folds lesser than mushroom. Mentionable that, in many countries researchers’ attention has been concerned to introduce mushroom to combat cancer, hypertension, blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, rheumatic pain, throat inflammation and to control blood cholesterol also. Particularly, mushroom is absolutely effective in preventing diseases includes cancer, kidney problems, hepatitis, AIDS, asthma, diabetes, insomnia and tumor.
Mushroom cultivation does not require fungicide, insecticide, herbicide, chemical fertilizer and wide land. Mushroom seed can be propagated using industrial wastes like sawdust of coconut log, corncob, cotton waste, husk of soy bean/nuts or any of other agro-residues. Managing a suitable indoor environment (temperature and humidity) and proper nursing mushroom cultivation is possible throughout the year. Mushroom cultivation is a popular income generating activity that can alleviate poverty, eradicate malnutrition and create employment opportunity for educated, uneducated, adolescents, youths, men and women respectively. Basically, mushroom farming is labor and management-intensive which takes a considerable level of knowledge, research, planning and capital investment to set up a production system. Comparing with other agro-economic crops mushroom cultivations is more profitable for its low production cost and high market price. Using agricultural waste mushroom can be produced by small, landless and marginal farmers inside a house apart from their duties undisturbed.